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python xlsxwriter创建excel图表的方法

2019-10-03 22:05

正文实例为大家分享了python xlsxwriter成立Excel图表的切实可行代码,供大家参照他事他说加以考察,具体内容如下

#coding=utf-8 
import xlsxwriter 
from xlsxwriter.workbook import Workbook 
from xlrd.sheet import Sheet 

def demo1(): 
  import xlsxwriter 


  # 创建excel文件 
  workbook = xlsxwriter.Workbook('demo.xlsx') 
#   添加worksheet,也可以指定名字 
  worksheet = workbook.add_worksheet() 
  worksheet = workbook.add_worksheet('Test') 

  #设置第一列的宽度 
  worksheet.set_column('A:A', len('hello ')+1) 

  #添加一个加粗格式方便后面使用 
  bold = workbook.add_format({'bold': True}) 

  #在A1单元格写入纯文本 
  worksheet.write('A1', 'Hello') 

  #在A2单元格写入带格式的文本 
  worksheet.write('A2', 'World', bold) 

  #指定行列写入数字,下标从0开始 
  worksheet.write(2, 0, 123) 
  worksheet.write(3, 0, 123.456) 

  #在B5单元格插入图片 
  worksheet.insert_image('B5', 'python-logo.png') 


  workbook.close() 


def charts(): 
  workbook = xlsxwriter.Workbook('chart_column.xlsx') 
  worksheet = workbook.add_worksheet() 
  bold = workbook.add_format({'bold': 1}) 

  # 这是个数据table的列 
  headings = ['Number', 'Batch 1', 'Batch 2'] 
  data = [ 
    [2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7], 
    [10, 40, 50, 20, 10, 50], 
    [30, 60, 70, 50, 40, 30], 
  ] 
  #写入一行  
  worksheet.write_row('A1', headings, bold) 
  #写入一列 
  worksheet.write_column('A2', data[0]) 
  worksheet.write_column('B2', data[1]) 
  worksheet.write_column('C2', data[2]) 



  ############################################ 
  #创建一个图表,类型是column 
  chart1 = workbook.add_chart({'type': 'column'}) 

  # 配置series,这个和前面worksheet是有关系的。  
#   指定图表的数据范围 
  chart1.add_series({ 
    'name':    '=Sheet1!$B$1', 
    'categories': '=Sheet1!$A$2:$A$7', 
    'values':   '=Sheet1!$B$2:$B$7', 
  }) 
  chart1.add_series({ 
    'name':    "=Sheet1!$C$1", 
    'categories': '=Sheet1!$A$2:$A$7', 
    'values':   '=Sheet1!$C$2:$C$7', 
  }) 
#  配置series的另一种方法   
#   #   [sheetname, first_row, first_col, last_row, last_col]  
#   chart1.add_series({ 
#     'name':     ['Sheet1',0,1], 
#     'categories':  ['Sheet1',1,0,6,0], 
#     'values':    ['Sheet1',1,1,6,1], 
#            }) 
#     
#  
#  
#   chart1.add_series({ 
#     'name':    ['Sheet1', 0, 2], 
#     'categories': ['Sheet1', 1, 0, 6, 0], 
#     'values':   ['Sheet1', 1, 2, 6, 2], 
#   }) 


#   添加图表标题和标签 
  chart1.set_title ({'name': 'Results of sample analysis'}) 
  chart1.set_x_axis({'name': 'Test number'}) 
  chart1.set_y_axis({'name': 'Sample length (mm)'}) 

  # 设置图表风格 
  chart1.set_style(11)   

  # 在D2单元格插入图表(带偏移) 
  worksheet.insert_chart('D2', chart1, {'x_offset': 25, 'y_offset': 10}) 

  ####################################################################### 
  # 
  # 创建一个叠图子类型 
  chart2 = workbook.add_chart({'type': 'column', 'subtype': 'stacked'}) 

  # Configure the first series. 
  chart2.add_series({ 
    'name':    '=Sheet1!$B$1', 
    'categories': '=Sheet1!$A$2:$A$7', 
    'values':   '=Sheet1!$B$2:$B$7', 
  }) 

  # Configure second series. 
  chart2.add_series({ 
    'name':    '=Sheet1!$C$1', 
    'categories': '=Sheet1!$A$2:$A$7', 
    'values':   '=Sheet1!$C$2:$C$7', 
  }) 

  # Add a chart title and some axis labels. 
  chart2.set_title ({'name': 'Stacked Chart'}) 
  chart2.set_x_axis({'name': 'Test number'}) 
  chart2.set_y_axis({'name': 'Sample length (mm)'}) 

  # Set an Excel chart style. 
  chart2.set_style(12) 

  # Insert the chart into the worksheet (with an offset). 
  worksheet.insert_chart('D18', chart2, {'x_offset': 25, 'y_offset': 10}) 

  ####################################################################### 
  # 
  # Create a percentage stacked chart sub-type. 
  # 
  chart3 = workbook.add_chart({'type': 'column', 'subtype': 'percent_stacked'}) 

  # Configure the first series. 
  chart3.add_series({ 
    'name':    '=Sheet1!$B$1', 
    'categories': '=Sheet1!$A$2:$A$7', 
    'values':   '=Sheet1!$B$2:$B$7', 
  }) 

  # Configure second series. 
  chart3.add_series({ 
    'name':    '=Sheet1!$C$1', 
    'categories': '=Sheet1!$A$2:$A$7', 
    'values':   '=Sheet1!$C$2:$C$7', 
  }) 

  # Add a chart title and some axis labels. 
  chart3.set_title ({'name': 'Percent Stacked Chart'}) 
  chart3.set_x_axis({'name': 'Test number'}) 
  chart3.set_y_axis({'name': 'Sample length (mm)'}) 

  # Set an Excel chart style. 
  chart3.set_style(13) 

  # Insert the chart into the worksheet (with an offset). 
  worksheet.insert_chart('D34', chart3, {'x_offset': 25, 'y_offset': 10}) 
  #生成圆饼图  
  chart4 = workbook.add_chart({'type':'pie'}) 
  #定义数据 
  data = [ 
      ['Pass','Fail','Warn','NT'], 
      [333,11,12,22], 
      ] 
  #写入数据 
  worksheet.write_row('A51',data[0],bold) 
  worksheet.write_row('A52',data[1]) 

  chart4.add_series({     
    'name':     '接口测试报表图', 
    'categories': '=Sheet1!$A$51:$D$51', 
    'values':   '=Sheet1!$A$52:$D$52', 
    'points':[ 
      {'fill':{'color':'#00CD00'}}, 
      {'fill':{'color':'red'}}, 
      {'fill':{'color':'yellow'}}, 
      {'fill':{'color':'gray'}}, 
         ], 
  }) 
  # Add a chart title and some axis labels. 
  chart4.set_title ({'name': '接口测试统计'}) 
  chart4.set_style(3)   
#   chart3.set_y_axis({'name': 'Sample length (mm)'}) 

  worksheet.insert_chart('E52', chart4, {'x_offset': 25, 'y_offset': 10}) 
  workbook.close() 
if __name__ == '__main__': 
#   demo1() 
  charts() 
  print('finished...') 
  pass 

效率如下

图片 1

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